One of my favorite aspects of photography is taking macro shots; an art of perspective that can reveal intricate details of a subject. Macro photography provides insight into what might not necessarily be seen with the naked eye.
The result of this type of photography is usually an image that is much larger than the subject itself. This is produced by using a lens which has a reproduction ratio greater than 1:1 (ratio of the subject size on film to the actual subject size).
Different types of lenses are available on the market, depending on the type of camera. Even digital cameras are capable of producing high quality macro shots given advances in sensor technology and electronics. Many times the depth of field available from compact cameras is even an advantage for taking macro shots. High pixel density allows extreme detail to be captured in a single frame.
Furthermore, different focal length lenses can be used depending on the goal of the macro shot. For example, Wikipedia recommends the following focal lengths:
• Continuously-variable focal length – suitable for virtually all macro subjects
• 45–65 mm – product photography, small objects that can be approached closely without causing undesirable influence, and scenes requiring natural background perspective
• 90–105 mm – insects, flowers, and small objects from a comfortable distance
• 150–200 mm – insects and other small animals where additional working distance is required
Remember for macro photography that a small aperture may be necessary because the depth of field is so small and that awareness of the distance to the subject is critical, especially for lighting considerations. Depending on the distance the lens is from the subject, there may not otherwise be enough room for adequate lighting!
Macro photography can be taken anytime and anywhere. Luckily we have an unlimited number of subjects right at our fingertips. With its emphasis on detail, texture, perspective, and choice of subject, macro photography can yield inspiring results!